The process that is used to retrieve the data that was lost is called Data recovery. The data can get corrupted, it can get inaccessible, or can be lost or deleted unintentionally. In the IT field, data restoration is called data recovery. It can be restored by taking backup to the laptop, desktop computer, or the hard drive, server, etc.
What causes the Data Loss?
In the generic scenario, the data is always lost by human error than that of the virus attacks. Many reasons for data loss are due to some natural disasters, failure of the component or equipment, power blackouts, unintentionally deleting the data, formatting the hard drive accidentally, the issue in the read-write head of the hard drive, crashing of the software, using the PC even if it is in a damaged state or has thrown the signs of damage or failure, etc.